Toro kernel

A dedicated kernel for multi-threading applications.

Tuesday, December 18, 2018

Toro will be at FOSDEM'19!

Hello Folks! I have the pleasure to present Toro at FOSDEM'19. This will be my third presentation. This time I am going to talk about how Toro is optimized to speed up the booting time. This is particularly interesting in the context of microservices. When a VM is used to host a microservice, it is powered on/off on demand. This allows cloud providers to save resources like CPU and memory. However, this requires that the VM is up and running very quickly. In this talk, I discuss three approaches that aim to speed up the initialization of VMs. These approaches are NEMU, Qboot, and Firecracker (see abstract here). During the talk, I use these solutions in Toro and I discuss benefits and drawbacks. 

Sunday, August 26, 2018

Toro supports for try...except statement and user exceptions!

Hello folks! I just merged to master the commits to support the try..except statement. This allows user applications to handle exceptions. To do this, I had to switch to Linux RTL, which involved a lot of changes. I updated the wiki in case you want to try. In Windows, It is necessary to get a Freepascal cross-compiler from Windows to Linux that very well explained in the wiki. I hope you enjoy!

Matias Vara   

Thursday, August 16, 2018

Toro will be present in OSSEU18!

Hello folks! I am very happy to announce that Toro will be in OSSEU'18! For further information check http://sched.co/FxYD. I hope to see you all there!

Cheers, Matias.

Sunday, June 24, 2018

Reducing CPU usage on Toro guests, "The numbers"

Hello folks! I experimented around the last improvement of Toro regarding with reducing the energy consumption. I want to thank my very closed friend Cesar Bernardini for the experiments. In the tests, we compare an Ubuntu guest with a Toro guest on Qemu. We set up a 2 core machine with 256MB per core. To bench each kernel, we generate N http requests and then we stop, we repeat it every X time. Then, we measure the CPU usage of the Qemu process by using top. Then, we get the following graphs:

Toro without any improvement:
In this graph, you can see that Qemu's process is at 100% all the time. 

Toro with improvements:

With the improvements, Qemu's process is at 100%  only when traffic is received.  

Ubuntu guest:

When Ubuntu is on, i.e., when traffic is received, Qemu's process uses between ~40%...60%, then , when there is no trafic, cpu usage downs to around ~ 0%..15%.

In the next experiments, we incress the number of messages.

Toro guest:
When the number of messages is incressed, the Toro guest footprint does not change.

Ubuntu guest:
In the case of a Ubuntu guest, the cpu usage of the Qemu process reaches the 100% during traffic. This means that Ubuntu is correctly scaling the cpu usage on demand. 

Take Away Lessons:

- In production, CPU usage of Guests is important because the VCPUs are a shared resource
- The approach in Toro has reduced the CPU usage in a half, however a an overall power management solution must also scale the CPU, i.e., processor in P-State
- The approaches may depend on the hypervisor and its ability to emulate/virtualize the instructions related with power consumption, e.g., mwat/mcontrol